Cardiology & Heart Surgery

Doctors wearing masks and surgical gowns surrounding a pig heart and using surgical tools to prepare for xenotransplantation

Expert Perspectives

Insights from First Heart Xenotransplantations in Recent Decedents

Internationally recognized cardiac transplant surgeon discusses his team’s unprecedented study.

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NYU Langone Health:

A Leader in Cardiology and Heart Surgery

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Transcatheter Aortic Valves (TAVRs)

Complex Case Spotlight

Chasing Down Complications of Untreated Infective Endocarditis


Transthoracic Echocardiogram Reveals Vegetations

A patient with a bicuspid aortic valve presented with persistent fever, rashes and joint pain. Specialists diagnosed the patient with infective endocarditis after an initial transthoracic echocardiogram showed two small masses on the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve, each about 5 by 12 millimeters in size, and blood cultures came back positive.

The patient’s echocardiogram showing mitral valve vegetations.
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More Insight from Transesophageal Echocardiography

Additional echocardiography revealed vegetations on the aortic valve.

The patient’s echocardiogram showing aortic valve vegetations.
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Treating the Multi-Organ Infection

Further imaging revealed an aortic root abscess plus multiple septic brain emboli, a splenic abscess, and renal infarction. The aortic valve was successfully replaced using a pulmonary autograft (Ross) procedure, during which the mitral valve vegetations were removed. The infection to the spleen necessitated its removal and the remaining infections were treated with postoperative antibiotics.

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The patient’s echocardiogram demonstrating aortic root abscess.
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10 specialties ranked in the top 10 nationally 2023


MINOCA: Precise Diagnosis is Crucial for Women with Heart Attack

Dr. Harmony G. Reynolds and a research team are proving that OCT and cardiac MRI and can clarify why many women have heart attacks without coronary artery narrowing. Read the interview.

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